Animal Farm is a book by George Orwell. It is a parody of the Bolshevist Revolution and Communism. Napoleon, a pig is parodied as Lenin or Stalin in the book. Bolshevists are the pigs, Jewish lackeys, the servants of Bolshevism are the dogs, the horse is the honest misused worker, sheeps are the misused people, who gave their goods for nothing the pigs, who became thicker and more brazen every day. We get to know, from the book, that during Bolshevistm all are equal, but some are even more equal than others.
Orwell had big trouble to get the book printed, even though he was a relatively well-known author at that time. However, Bolshevists were the loved allies, who were not allowed to criticize.
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The Movie Adaptations
The 1954 movie adaptation is a British adult animated comedy-drama film by Halas and Batchelor, based on the book Animal Farm by George Orwell. It was the first British animated feature to be released (Water for Firefighting and Handling Ships, two feature length wartime training films, were produced earlier, but did not receive a formal cinema release). The C.I.A. paid for the filming, part of the U.S. cultural offensive during the Cold War, and influenced how Orwell’s ideas were to be presented. The CIA initially funded Louis de Rochemont to begin work on a film version of Orwell’s work and he hired Halas & Batchelor, an animation firm in London that had made propaganda films for the British government.
Maurice Denham provided the voice talent for all the animals in the film.
The 1999 adaptation is a made-for-TV film released in 1999 by Hallmark Films and broadcast on the American cable channel TNT.